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ILTIS

The Volkswagen Iltis (“Polecat” in German) light utility vehicle was initially produced for the German Army.  This light but unarmored vehicle replaced the 1/4 ton SMPs (Jeeps) in the Canadian Armed Forces. Approximately 2,500 Iltis were produced under license in Canada by Bombardier in ambulance, line layer, reconnaissance, TOW anti-tank missile, military police and utility …

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M37 CDN 3/4 TON TRUCK

After World War II, Canada transitioned to American Standard Military Pattern (SMP) vehicles, many of which were manufactured in Canada.  The M37 3/4 ton family replaced 15cwt trucks like the C15A. The truck on display is one of over 4,500 Canadian versions that were produced by Chrysler Canada between 1951 and 1955.  The Canadian variant …

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C15A 15 CWT TRUCK

Canadian Military Pattern (CMP) General Service trucks were among the workhorses of the Canadian Army during WWII.  It was able to carry 15 hundredweight (approx. ¾ ton) of personnel or cargo.  Ford and Chevrolet both produced this type of vehicle during the war.  Each company used their own engine, transmission and axle assemblies, but the …

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CADILLAC 1912 MODEL 30 TRUCK

Early Cadillacs were robust and could handle rough roads and cross-country operations, perfect for military service. When the Canadian Expeditionary Force sailed for Britain at the beginning of the First World War, it did so with a small supply of motorized transport.  For service closer to the front, however, the CEF used British lorries. This …

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THE MILITARY HORSE

Until well into the Interwar period, horses were the primary transport for Canadian soldiers. Horses carried individual soldiers and moved guns, ammunition, casualties and supplies.  In World War I, the Canadian Corps required over 23,000 horses.  Over 480,000 horses died in military service with the Commonwealth forces from 1914 to 1918. Horses required a great …

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