The Cold War 1945-1991
The Cold War started with the defeat of Germany in 1945. It ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In 1949, Canada was a founding member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
In 1950, NATO established an "integrated defence force" in Europe. From 1951 to 1992, Canadian regiments rotated service in West Germany.
Canada signed the North American Air Defence (NORAD) treaty with the US in 1958. It was a joint defence agreement against a nuclear attack by the Soviet Union and remains active.
During the 1960s, the Royal Canadian Artillery deployed the 762 mm Rocket. The Honest John Rocket used nuclear warheads and conventional non-nuclear warheads. Canada had weapons capable of firing nuclear weapons into the 1980s.
Over 1,200 Canadians died while serving during the Cold War. The Royal Regiment continues to serve as part of Canada's NATO force.