The First Gulf War 1990-1991
In August 1990, war erupted in Iraq after they invaded Kuwait. On 9 August 1990, Canada sent the 119 Air Defence Battery, RCA, to the Persian Gulf. They were to provide air defence for three Canadian Naval ships in the Arabian Gulf. The ships were part of Canada's UN commitment.
Canada stationed the 119 Air Defence Battery on ships, and the battery held Javelin live-fire practice in September 1990. Canadian ships arrived in the Persian Gulf on 23 September 1990 and completed UN Patrol duties, including boarding ships, as part of Iraq's embargo.
The 119 did not fire at enemy aircraft. On 13 March 1991, they returned to Canada. Canada used no ground units and reported no Canadian casualties during the 1st Gulf War.