9 Pounder Smooth Bore Gun

As the principle Canadian gun at Confederation, the pattern of the 9 Pounder Smooth Bore was chosen as the badge of The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery.

The brass 9 Pounder Smooth Bore was in British service from 1805 to 1881.  Canadian Militia batteries were equipped with this gun from 1865 to 1876.  In 1871, “A” and “B” Batteries became the first professional Canadian military forces and were provided with these guns until 1873.

The gun fired a round shot, loaded from the muzzle.  The gun has no recoil system and rolled backwards with each firing, making re-positioning and re-aiming necessary between rounds. 

Weight of projectile: 9 pounds (4.4 kilograms)

Range: 1,400 yards (1,280 meters)

Detachment: gun and limber, ammunition wagon, 12 gunners and 13 horses